We understand that there can be an awful lot of jargon in both the worlds of wine and sustainability! We've done our best to define all the terms we've used below, if we've missed any, please let us know via the contact us page!
A by-product of sugarcane. After sugarcane has been harvested and the juice extracted, a pulpy substance is left behind. This biodegradable material can be used for many things including fuel, sustainable packaging, and paper products.
An absorbent clay formed from the decomposition of volcanic ash. This is used in winemaking to clarify wines and doesn’t affect the quality or taste of the wine, whilst also making them vegan friendly.
Balancing the emissions of greenhouses gases released to the atmosphere by removing emissions elsewhere. Carbon neutral only measures scope 1 and 2, forgoing scope 3 emissions. The targets only require a reduction in emissions instead of aiming for zero emissions and you can buy offsets to the equivalent of your carbon footprint.
if you remove more carbon emissions than you put into the atmosphere, then you can be classed as carbon negative. This goes beyond achieving net-zero carbon emissions and can also be referred to as “climate positive”. Our partners at Greencroft Bottling are an excellent example of a carbon negative business.
The process of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, compensating for emissions made elsewhere. There are schemes where individuals or companies can invest in environmental causes and projects to balance out their carbon footprint. There are two types, avoidance of carbon emissions going into the atmosphere, this includes wind and solar power. And carbon removal, for example planting trees or through technology.
Shifts in the Earth’s temperature and weather patterns over a long period of time. These changes can be caused by natural occurrences but are also heavily affected by human activity.
Where the start and end point of a particular process is the same. In this instance, when you recycle a can of our sustainable wine, 100% of this recycled material goes into the production of more aluminium cans.
An abbreviation for “carbon dioxide equivalent”. A measurement term used to describe the various greenhouse gases in relation to their global warming impact.
A large flexible container which is used to transport wine. Transporting wine using this container maximises the space used in a van, allowing us to import more wine whilst minimising our shipping emissions. The flexitanks we use are also recyclable.
Greenhouse gas abbreviation. Greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere trap the Sun’s heat, warming the planet. With greenhouse gas emissions increasing, more heat is being trapped, leading to global warming.
The warming of the Earth due to human activity and behaviour.
A sustainable bottling and canning facility based in Durham where our wines are transferred from flexitanks into aluminium cans and UK-produced glass bottles.
A term used to describe a business or organisation who brand themselves as being environmentally friendly, when in fact they are not. Green terminology and carbon offsetting are deceptively used so that the companies appear sustainable to the public.
Where wineries try to make their wines as naturally as possible, forgoing the use of additives, supplements, and oak chips to influence the flavour profile of a wine. Instead, they make the most of their natural resources such as the climate and vineyard altitude to showcase the wine’s characteristics.
When emissions of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere (influenced by human activity) are balanced by removals over a specified period. In order to achieve net zero, the aim is to reduce our scope 1 and 2 emissions to zero, reduce our scope 3 emissions to as close to zero as possible and then use accredited carbon removal schemes to offset the remaining residual emissions.
A sustainability certification that measures and verifies the carbon footprint of organisations with the aim to reduce emissions and achieve UN SDGs.
This describes the different types of emissions and how they are accounted for. Scope 1 refers to direct emissions, meaning the fuel we burn ourselves (oil heaters, fuel in company cars etc). Scope 2 refers to indirect emissions in relation to the energy we consume (e.g. electricity). Scope 3 also refers to indirect emissions but is a much larger category as this contains everything else and is where the biggest improvements can be made. Examples include waste, commuting, supply chain and business travel.
To remove or withdraw. Carbon sequestration can be achieved through offset schemes, for example, trees can be planted to counteract residual emissions. Trees remove carbon emissions from the atmosphere and help towards reaching net zero.
Changing our behaviours and businesses to benefit the planet. To not damage the environment and deplete the Earth’s natural resources and to reduce harmful emissions into the atmosphere. Ensuring that the lives of future generations benefit from our efforts today and support the preservation of our planet.
United Nations Sustainable Development Goals – a list of 17 sustainable development goals which all countries in the United Nations are committed to achieving. Tackling issues such as climate change, poverty, inequality, education, well-being and more.
Steps taken by individuals or organisations to effectively manage their water usage and reduce wastage. This includes monitoring and assessing where water is used and how much is consumed. Then implement plans to improve water sustainability, such as collecting rainwater, fixing leaks, reusing water and more.